- Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
- This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.
Immigration is an international movement of people to a destination country where they are not natives or where they do not hold citizenship to settle or reside, especially as permanent residents or naturalised citizens, or as a migrant worker to take up employment temporarily.
Regarding the economic effects, research suggests that migration is beneficial for both receiving and sending countries. The research, with few exceptions, finds that immigration, on average, has a positive economic impact on the native population, but considers whether low-skilled immigration negatively affects low-skilled natives. Studies show that removing barriers to migration will have a profound effect on global GDP, with estimated gains of between 67% and 147%. Some economists, however, argue that reducing barriers to labour mobility between developing and developed countries would be one of the most efficient means of reducing poverty.
The academic literature provides mixed findings for the relationship between immigration and crime worldwide. Some studies claim that in the United States immigration has no effect on crime rates or that it reduces crime rates. Research suggests that country of origin matters for the pace and depth of immigrant identity, but that it is quite assimilative for first and second-generation migrants overall.
Some researches disclosed widespread evidence of discrimination against foreign-born and minority populations in the United States and Europe in criminal justice, business, economy, housing, health care, media, and politics.